Freesia is a genus of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1866 by Chr. Fr. Echlon (1795-1868) and named after German botanist and doctor Friedrich Freese (1794-1878).. It is native to the eastern side of southern Africa, from Kenya south to South Africa, most species being found in Cape Provinces. Species of the former genus ””’Anomatheca””’ are now included in ”Freesia”. The plants commonly known as “freesias”, with fragrant funnel-shaped flowers, are cultivated hybrids of a number of ”Freesia” species. Some other species are also grown as ornamental plants.
Herbaceous plants which grow from a conical corm (A corm, bulbo-tuber, or bulbotuber is a short, vertical, swollen underground plant stem that serves as a storage organ used by some plants to survive winter or other adverse conditions) 1–2.5 cm diameter, which sends up a tuft of narrow leaves 10–30 cm long, and a sparsely branched stem 10–40 cm tall bearing a few leaves and a loose one-sided spike of flowers with six tepals (A tepal is one of the outer parts of a flower (collectively the perianth) when these parts cannot easily be divided into two kinds, sepals and petals) . Many species have fragrant narrowly funnel-shaped flowers, although those formerly placed in the genus ”Anomatheca”, such as ”[[Freesia laxa|F. laxa]]”, have flat flowers.
Early April 2017 in Brugge, BE
May 29, 2018 – 15 Double Pink and 50 Double Select
2017 : Bought in Belgium. Co: Central Park. Simple Melange. Enkel Gemengd. 35 bulbs.3.49E. 25 cm hight, 10 cm apart, full sun, plant February to April. Flowering July to September.
2018 Belgium, Brand Florex bought on sale (1 euro a packet) from brico
one planted 2017 Late May. Yellow flowers.
Diseases and Problems
Freesias are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Large Yellow Underwing.
Cultivation and uses
The plants usually called “freesias” are derived from crosses made in the 19th century between F. refracta and F. leichtlinii. Numerous cultivars have been bred from these species and the pink- and yellow-flowered forms of F. corymbosa. Modern tetraploid cultivars have flowers ranging from white to yellow, pink, red and blue-mauve. They are mostly cultivated professionally in the Netherlands by about 80 growers.Dutch flowerpaper, Bloemenkrant, publisher Verhagen, week 12-2015, see also http://issuu.com/twovisions/docs/bk_week_12_15?e=1360358/11894263 Freesias can be readily increased from seed. Due to their specific and pleasing scent, they are often used in hand creams, shampoos, candles, etc.Template:Citation needed, however, the flowers are mainly used in wedding bouquets.
They can be planted in the fall in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-10 (i.e. where the temperature does not fall below about −7 °C (20 °F)), and in the spring in Zones 4-8.Live to garden: Freesia
Freesia laxa (formerly called Lapeirousia laxa or Anomatheca cruenta) is one of the other species of the genus which is commonly cultivated. Smaller than the scented freesia cultivars, it has flat rather than cup-shaped flowers.Template:Citation, p. 9Template:Citation, p. 18
Extensive ‘forcing’ of this bulb occurs in Half Moon Bay in California where several growers chill the bulbs in proprietary methods to satisfy cold dormancy which results in formation of buds within a predicted number of weeks – often 5 weeks a