Bronze Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare ‘Purpureum’ – Purple Leaf Fennel

Bronze Fennel  – Foeniculum vulgare ‘Purpureum’  – Purple Leaf Fennel

‘Purpureum’ is an upright, clump-forming perennial to 1.8m, with finely divided foliage which is purple when young, later grey-green; flat heads of tiny yellow flowers appear in summer, followed by aromatic fruits

Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Foeniculum
Species: vulgare
Cultivar: Purpureum

Date Planted

2017 from little plant

Purchase Info

2017 Brugge


Diseases and Problems

Pests: Can get aphids

Diseases: Generally disease resistant


Seeds used  in baking or add to spice mixes for meat. The fresh leaves are good with roast fish.


Grow in moist, fertile soil. Can be invasive if flowers are allowed to set seed. If grown with other foliage colour forms then they will readily hybridise, resulting in inferior plants

Hardiness: H5 – Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)

Time to ultimate height: 2-5 years


    • Ultimate height: 1.5-2.5 metres
    • Ultimate spread: 0.5-1 metres
    • Time to ultimate height: 2-5 yearsSoil
    • Moisture: Moist but well-drained

Soil: Chalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Full Sun
  • Partial Shade
  • Aspect: South-facing or West-facing
  • Exposure: Sheltered

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Companion Plants: 

thyme and rosemary in a sunny herb garden, or in an ornamental border with herbaceous perennials such as rust-coloured verbascum ‘Clementine’, dark red-leaved sedums, and Verbena bonariensis.